T8787

Sigma-Aldrich

Triton X-100

for molecular biology

Synonym(s):
t-Octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol, Polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether
Linear Formula:
t-Oct-C6H4-(OCH2CH2)xOH, x= 9-10
CAS Number:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
2315025
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

description

non-ionic

form

liquid

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000
average mol wt 625

aggregation number

100-155

application(s)

hematology: suitable
histology: suitable
protein purification: suitable
protein quantification: suitable
western blot: suitable

pH

9.7

CMC

0.2-0.9 mM (20-25°C)

mp

6 °C

transition temp

cloud point 65 °C
pour point ~7 °C

solubility

water: 0.1 mL/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless to faintly yellow

density

1.06 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

HLB

13.5

Featured Industry

Diagnostic Assay Manufacturing

foreign activity

DNase and RNase, none detected

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

CC(C)(C)CC(C)(C)c1ccc(OCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCO)cc1

InChI

1S/C28H50O8/c1-27(2,3)24-28(4,5)25-6-8-26(9-7-25)36-23-22-35-21-20-34-19-18-33-17-16-32-15-14-31-13-12-30-11-10-29/h6-9,29H,10-24H2,1-5H3

InChI key

HNLXNOZHXNSSPN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Triton X-100 is a common non-ionic surfactant and emulsifier which is often used in biochemical applications to solubilize proteins. It is considered a comparatively mild detergent, non-denaturing, and is reported in numerous references as a routinely added reagent. It is utilized for lysing cells to extract protein and cellular organelles. It can also permeabilize the living cell membrane for transfection.

Application

Triton X-100 has been used:
  • In immunohistochemistry for staining the Flat-mount retinas
  • Along with ice-cold PBS (phosphate buffered saline) in suspension of cells for cell DNA analysis and Annexin V assay
  • To permeabilise cells during Immunofluorescent microscopic studies
  • As a positive control in LDH assay to determine the cell membrane integrity
  • For estimating the lipase activity in postheparin plasma by using modified Belfrage and Vaughan radioenzymatic procedure
  • For the preparation of outer membrane protein exctract
  • As a component of extraction buffer along with tris-HCl, NaCl, CaCl2, ZnCl2, Brij 35 for homogenization of mice lung cells
  • In the treatment of tissue sections for Immunofluorescence labeling

Packaging

50, 100, 250 mL in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Widely used non-ionic surfactant for recovery of membrane components under mild non-denaturing conditions.

Legal Information

Triton is a trademark of The Dow Chemical Company or an affiliated company of Dow

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 3082 9 / PGIII

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Effects of four different single exercise sessions on lipids, lipoproteins, and lipoprotein lipase.
Ferguson M A, et al.
Journal of Applied Physics, 85(3), 1169-1174 (1998)
Silver nanoparticle-induced cytotoxicity in rat brain endothelial cell culture.
Grosse S, et.
Toxicology in vitro, 27(1), 305-313 (2013)
Sealing the skin barrier around transcutaneous implants: in vitro study of keratinocyte proliferation and adhesion in response to surface modifications of titanium alloy.
Pendegrass C J, et al.
The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume, 90(1), 114-121 (2008)
Jean-Sébastien Joyal et al.
Blood, 117(22), 6024-6035 (2011-03-01)
The failure of blood vessels to revascularize ischemic neural tissue represents a significant challenge for vascular biology. Examples include proliferative retinopathies (PRs) such as retinopathy of prematurity and proliferative diabetic retinopathy, which are the leading causes of blindness in children...
Membrane dielectric changes indicate induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells more sensitively than surface phosphatidylserine expression or DNA fragmentation.
Wang X, et al.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1564(2), 412-420 (2002)
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